Konstantin graduated from UCC with Hons. BSc in Neuroscience and received his PhD in the area of MEMS from Tyndall/UCC in 2013. During his research career, he has worked on micro-needle bio sensors and their integration into ECG and has developed a fabrication process for polymer micro-needle electrodes, still used today in the Life Science Interface group. As part of LSI, he has also worked on developing an electrochemical bacterial sensor for integration in milk processing plants. In 2015 he joined the Photonics group and has since worked on integration of photonics-based surgical guidance methods into existing and new surgical tools. His main expertise is designing, building, programming and testing of custom electro-optical sensing systems.